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Brief of Nepal


Overall, Nepal is a safe country. Now that the Maoists are involved in the government, most of the fighting for power has stopped. If you have any worries regarding this topic you are welcome to ask us any question you would like. We will inform you of what we know, and offer you contact information of previous trekers  for a different opinion. It may also be helpful to contact your local Department of foreign affairs for current updates and views on safety in Nepal.


Justifiably, Nepal and its people are very proud of the fact that the country has long been independent. It has never been conquered by an empire. Prithivi Narayan Shah, Nepals founding father, referred to the country as a 'Yam between two boulders'-namely India and China.


Nepal measures about 800 km from east to west and 230 km from north to south at its widest point, making it a total area of around 147,181 sq. km.

Although it is most famous for its mountains, most notably Mt. Everest, this is only one part of the country. The Terai, an area where many of Nepal's people live, is only 100 m above sea level and the contrast between the mountains and planes makes Nepal an amazingly diverse country.

Physiographic regions

Nepal, being one of the most physiographically diverse countries on earth, consists of many different regions. The most populated being the lowlands that contain the best farmland. This area is far from the impression most people who haven't been to Nepal may have.

The Terai: The flattest and most southern area of the country is where most of Zen Adventure Nepal Treks 's tourist  placed to Jungle safari activities. .

Chure Hills: Counting from the South, these are the first of the four mountain ranges that span the entire country of Nepal. This range has an average height of around 900 m.

Mahabharat Range: The second mountain range is the Mahabharat Range, often also simply called the 'middle hills'. These hills measure between 1500 m and 2700 m in height. A summit of these mountains may give way to spectacular Himalayan views.

The Himalaya: The Himalaya mountain range includes 08 of the world's 14 tallest mountains as well as the world's tallest mountain; Mt. Everest. Zen Adventure Nepal Treks (ZANT) can provide trekking opportunities in this area for those all trekers who wish to experience this harsh yet beautiful region.


Essentially, the Nepali year consists of two seasons. The dry winter season from October to May and the Monsoon season from June to September. The temperatures vary greatly depending on which region you are in. The southern Terai rarely dips below 10 degrees Celsius in the winter, but can reach up to 42 degrees Celsius during the Monsoon.  In the Himalaya it can get very cold during the cold months and zen adventure nepal treks (ZANT) are encouraged to bring very warm clothes.

Ecology and Environment

Nepal's environment is suffering from a growing and developing population, lack of recycling facilities and other environmental protection measures that exist in the western world. Wood is needed for housing and firewood which increases the fragility of Nepal's rapidly increasing pressure on the land. Much of the land in the hilly region has been changed by humans to enable farmland, and roads have bored their way into previously inaccessible regions by car. Having said all of this Nepal's abundant natural gifts still prevail, but we need the help of tourist to support conservation projects.

Deforestation and increased traffic also bring along severe water and air pollution in different areas of Nepal. Communities have started to promote support for reforestation by planting community forests. In Chitwan this is also supported by Zen Adventure Nepal Treks .


The best time to appreciate the 6500 known species of trees, bushes and flowers in Nepal is between March and April. At this time, the rhododendrons (national flower) are at their most beautiful. Due to Nepal's unique monsoon climate the floral landscape changes as the seasons and the farming calendar changes, thus affecting the landscape. This means that the visual effects that the tourist will see will vary greatly depending on what time of the year hey visit.


Nepal also has a very unique and special Fauna:

Birds: Overall Nepal is a home to nearly 10% of the world's bird species-more than 800 known species. Chitwan, the district where Zen Adventure Nepal Treks (ZANT) is based, is very well known to bird experts due to its diversity.

Mammals: Chitwan National Park is  offers extremely diverse wildlife: rhino, wild boars, many species of deer, tigers and even wild elephants. Many tourist use this opportunity to go on safari.

Reptiles: Chitwan is the home to two native species of crocodile: the gharial and the marsh mugger.

Key information

Visas: All foreign nationals, except for Indians, require a visa to enter Nepal. Single and multiple entry tourist visas are issued for up to 90 days. For more information visit our FAQ page or contact the Nepali consulate/embassy in your country.

Health risks: there may be some risks involved in travelling to Nepal. Please consult your local health experts.

Time: GMT/UTC + 5:45

Electriity: 220 V, 50 Hz (when available)

Weights and measures: metric


Being such a diverse country, there are many things to do in Nepal. Tourist are encouraged to obtain a guidebook of the country, but we also keep copies of Lonely Planet and Rough Guides in our library. All tourist are welcome to travel to these great destinations during their stay with Zen Adventure Nepal Treks , but we ask to be informed with sufficient notice, to be able to find replacements for them in their trekking programs. Zen Adventure Nepal Treks management is happy to assist with booking, or general advice on travelling in Nepal.


The vast majority of our tourist arrive in Kathmandu, the countries largest and capital city. As part of their program, they are taken on a tour of the Durbar Square and the famous 'monkey temple', Swayambhunath; only two of the many temples or temple areas within Kathmandu. Two nights may be spent in Kathmandu's tourist district of Thamel, where all sorts of food, drinks, and souvenirs are available for purchase.


The second largest city in the Kathmandu valley is very close to the capital of Kathmandu. Patan is a great place to experience traditional Newari architecture with a more quiet and relaxed atmosphere than Kathmandu.


Being more compact than Kathmandu and Patan, Bhaktapur is the third major city within the valley. It is home to many temples and a lot of architecture dating back to the 17th century.


The flat land of the Terai region makes it very easy for tourist to get around the area to see the many sights. At the top of the list of places to visit within this region is the Chitwan National Park with its elephant safaris, jungle walks and canoe trips. The subtropical climate makes for milder winters and very hot summers. Some tourists that come in December are able to watch the Elephant Polo Championships-and possibly take part! Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha is also a major destination for many travelers based in this region.


This city in the Terai region holds Nepal's only railway station. This attractive city is home to many temples, thus having a religious significance. It is also the birthplace of Sita (Rama's wife in the Hindu epic Ramayana) which brings along many Indian tourists. From the Zen Adventure Nepal Treks office, Janakpur is a good day's bus journey away.


This beautiful city is built around a lake and is surrounded by mountains. Many tourist want to go trekking in their time in Nepal, and Pokhara, with its adjacent Annapurna mountain range, is a great base for this. The bus trip to Pokhara will take around 5/6 hours, taking the road through beautiful river valleys.